Waste Management is an essential public service which potentially can have serious impacts on public health and environmental quality in any human settlement. Developing countries often lack the necessary regulations which govern the handling and disposal of waste, and even where they exist, these laws are poorly enforced UN-Habitat, ; Segosebe and Van der Post, This view is affirmed by the findings of Stren and White who investigated waste management in East Africa.
The impact of unbridled urbanization has been so swift that most municipal authorities have been caught unprepared for the mounting demand for improved services. Thus many cities in the developing world have quite simply outgrown the management and financial capacities of their municipal authorities who are unable to cope with the overwhelming rate of waste generation resulting from the chaotic explosion of slum settlements Agyepong, The situation is compounded by the lukewarm attitude of governments in the developing world who hardly recognize environmental sanitation and public health, as issues of national priority against other competing interests on national budgets Bdour, Municipal authorities in Ghana operate in resource-constrained environments and are unable to deliver effective and efficient sanitation services as they continue to struggle to implement the measures required to deal with the ever-growing problem of waste Zubrugg and Ahmed ; Asomaning-Boateng and Hiaghtt, Kiely generally classifies solid waste management as activities associated with the process chain, from the point of generation to its final disposal.
Municipal Solid waste is generated from variable sources depending on human activity. Therefore the socio-economic status of an area determines to a large extent the quantity, variety and composition of solid waste produced. Meizah et alshowed that waste generation in Ghana ranged from 0. Meizah obtained a national average of 0.
The higher socio-economic classes generated more waste, Metropolitan areas 0. The characteristics of waste determines its biodegradability and significantly influences the selection of the appropriate strategy and technological solution required for any particular location. Therefore for the efficient and sustainable management of solid waste, the physical, biological and chemical properties of the major constituents of the waste generated should be known.
However, most available data on solid waste in Ghana are based on crude estimates which are most often unreliable.
The environmental, social and economic benefits of waste prevention
This shortcoming poses a big challenge to waste managers and city planners alike. Recent research conducted by Miezah et al hopefully will complement efforts of earlier studies to determine the appropriate technological options that may be utilised to manage waste efficiently in Ghana. In addition, an analysis of how waste composition and characteristics vary over time and space within the country as well as the willingness to source separate waste at the household level were carried out.
Other researchers on the African continent have obtained similar figures for the organic fraction of solid waste in many African cities Yhdego ; Tanawa et al. The current methods being used in Ghana for the storage, collection, transport, treatment, processing and disposal of waste are fraught with problems. Existing practice tend to emphasize collection and transport over treatment and final disposal. A significant portion of the budget of municipal authorities which is expended on waste management, goes into collection and transportation of waste alone.
Individual households and markets have to arrange to convey the waste produced daily to the site of the CCC skips. The modes of transport include donkey carts, three-wheeled tractors, power tillers, tricycles and headloads.Imagine your place with garbage strewn everywhere.
Would you want to live in a place like that? The DOH shares this important piece of information regarding waste and management of health care:. This is why it is imperative that the government, together with local government agencies, and the private sector should work hand in hand in ensuring proper waste management, but most importantly, to make the reasons behind it understood by all. LH Prime Cebu joins in this advocacy and in its small ways, ensure waste is properly segregated in all of its branches.
When you visit a diagnostic clinic in Cebu, it is important to check if waste is segregated appropriately. This way, you see if the diagnostic clinic you have chosen for your medical exam in Cebu follows laws as mandated by the government, and if cleanliness is of utmost importance.
Benefits of waste management does not cover waste disposal alone, but has included creating an industry. Organic waste is separated from non-recyclable and inorganic waste, which has allowed some cities to re-use organic waste to create compost. Items are reprocessed and recycled to produce new products, helping reduce further consumption of natural resources and at the same time, it lowers the ultimate needs for waste disposal.
Aside from the environmental benefits of waste management, proper waste disposal is also beneficial to health. Burning waste was a common practice in the past. What we did not know is that when garbage and plastics are burned, they produce compounds that get suspended in the air, and exposure to this increase the risks of developing heart disease, respiratory disease, asthma and emphysema.
With proper waste management, waste is relocated to areas where they can be left, incinerated or disposed of, in a safe manner. When waste is removed from public areas, this helps reduce risks to the overall health of the barangay, it decreases exposure to biohazards, and it reduces infestation of pest.
Primary Menu Skip to content. Search for:.As our population continues to grow, our use of resources grows with us, putting an ever-increasing strain our planet. The same especially goes for commercial businesses that may be creating excess waste on their projects. Industries such as construction and demolition can end up with a large amount of waste that, if dealt with correctly, can be reused again.
However, aside from some of the more obvious benefits that can be gained from positive waste disposal, there are actually a variety of positives.
From keeping on the right side of the law to simply creating a healthy environment for you and your family, good waste disposal practice is in your best interest. With this in mind, we at Brewster Bros have put together a list of some of the biggest benefits that responsible waste disposal can make for both for yourself and for the wider world. Saving the environment. We cannot stress enough how important the ethical disposal of waste is for the future of our environment.
In UK households alone, 30 million tonnes of waste is generated every year, with a large percentage of it ending up in landfills up and down the country. Aside from taking up finite space on our small island, these landfills emit an array of harmful gases into the atmosphere which in turn contributes to the effect of greenhouse gas production if not used in an appropriate way; this is the same when creating new products from our limited resources as greenhouse gases are emitted during production.
However, we are finding new and innovative ways to counteract these problems. For starters, as a country, we have become much more effective at recycling our waste. In incorporating better waste management by recycling, we are reducing our emissions created through the processing of materials and the excess fumes generated from landfills.
It also helps to retain more of our finite natural resources such as timber, steel and plastic, meaning less pressure on the surrounding environment. Even non-recyclable materials are finding new uses in today's eco-conscious world. Unlike normal landfills that allow rubbish to languish, Waste to Energy Plants are using our waste materials to create energy through processes such as gasification, incineration and pyrolysis, making usable fuel commodities such as methane, ethanol and synthetic fuels.
As we are of course a part of the environment, the benefits of effective waste disposal are also extremely beneficial for our general health and well being.Glide meaning of god pictures
Some of these gases remain as solid compounds in the air and can cause a range of detrimental effects to our health, from asthma to more serious conditions like emphysema. An extreme example of this problem can be seen in the township of Agbogbloshie near the capital city of Accra in Ghana. This has caused untold effects on the population, with spikes in respiratory diseases becoming ever more common. This is, of course, the extreme end of the spectrum when it comes to waste management and disposal.
However, as more and more cities are becoming polluted throughout the UK, following good disposal practices can help to keep our air clean.
The other added benefit is in the reduction of pests and vermin that could spread disease. Industry creation and cost reduction. The cost of materials will inevitably drop as a result of proper waste management. A lot of the materials used in a host of products can be easily reused, especially in the construction industry in the form of recycled aggregates.
This further helps in the creation of a circular economy, meaning better prices for everyone. Therefore, following positive waste disposal etiquette can make the difference between your government compliance and a hefty fine or prison time. The main piece of legislation in place to monitor waste management is the Environmental Protection Act The bill covers a range of problems that the UK faces in its fight against waste build-up from the scourge of fly-tipping to individuals and businesses disposing of their waste without following the proper channels.
For businesses:. Depending on the company type you may have to adhere to a strict set of rules when getting rid of your rubbish. However, it is important to work with a licenced professional.Providing a smart employee benefits package is critical for attracting top talent and retaining valuable employees.
Today, employee benefits play a vital role when candidates consider accepting a job offer. Many companies offer today over-the-top perks, like yoga classes, haircuts, catered meals, and acupuncture.
In this report, we focus however on traditional benefits. It's a work in progress that we will expand and update on a regular basis. A first-class k plan makes sure that employees have a secure retirement, while a generous, fully paid parental leave allows expecting mothers and fathers to enjoy their child's first year. Along with paid vacations, employees can enjoy fully paid commuting as well. If you believe some information here is incorrect, please click the link below and send as a note.
Even a certain number of family sessions is included. The plan covers preventive dental exams in full.Speech recognition app for mac pc
Team members have an option to pay for a more inclusive dental plan with better coverage. Various exams and procedures are covered, as well as comprehensive health plans.
Team members are encouraged to take a proactive approach to their health and take care of their BMI, sugar and fat in their blood, and other biometrics. Employees have an option to deposit a part of their salary into the account and use it for any medical or dental expenses not covered by their health plan. Employee's family members can use this funds as well. This way, k is the best option for employees who want to have a financial stability in their late years.
There is no vesting period, so the contributions are immediately for the employee to keep right from the start.
With this program, the employees can rest assure that at least some of the costs will be covered. It makes sure that hardworking team members are properly rewarded for their individual contribution to projects as well as their cooperation with other team members.Water resources are under pressure from continuing population growth and urbanisation, rapid industralisation, and expanding and intensifying food production, particularly in developing countries and in urban areas.
Urban populations may nearly double from current 3. This represents a global threat to human health and wellbeing, with both immediate and long term consequences for efforts to reduce poverty whilst sustaining the integrity of some of our most productive ecosystems.
At least 1. Diarrhoeal diseases make up over four per cent of the global disease burden, 90 percent of which is linked to environmental pollution, a lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation. The report reviews how the production and treatment cycle can be better understood and managed so that through better investment and management, major environmental, societal, and economic dividends can be achieved.
This wastewater contaminates freshwater and coastal ecosystemsthreatening food security, access to safe drinking and bathing water and being a major health and environmental management challenge.Mental health case study for nursing students
In particular, the way food is produced uses 70—90 per cent of the available fresh waterand much of this water returns back to the system with additional nutrients and contaminants. Further downstream, agricultural pollution is joined by human and industrial waste. Up to 90 per cent of wastewater flows untreated into the densely populated coastal zone. This will lead to further losses in biodiversity and ecosystem resiliencewhich in turn will undermine prosperity and efforts towards a more sustainable future.
Currently, most of the wastewater infrastructure in many of the fastest growing cities is lacking, under-dimensioned or outdated.
Worldwide, almost million people still do not have access to safe water and some 2. For the 1. Without better infrastructure and management, many millions of people will continue to die each year.
The financial, environmental and social costs associated with water quality and availability, are projected to increase dramatically unless wastewater management receives urgent attention. There are many causes driving this crisis, but it is clear that freshwater and coastal ecosystems across the globe, upon which humanity has depended for millennia, are increasingly threatened.
It is equally clear that future demand for water cannot be met unless wastewater management is revolutionized. Comprehensive and sustained wastewater management in combination with sanitation and hygiene is central to improved human healthfood security, economic development, jobs and consequently poverty reduction. The unregulated discharge of wastewater has also far reaching implications for the health of aquatic ecosystemswhich threatens the resilience of biodiversity and the ecosystem services on which human wellbeing depends.
One such impact, eutrophicationis a major global concern affecting the functioning of marine and freshwater ecosystems. Agriculture is the single largest user of water, it uses an estimated 70 per cent of total global fresh waterreturning the majority of this water back to the system. Optimizing agricultural practices including irrigation techniques, fertilization practices, and reducing water evaporation and crop selection, can save significant amounts of water with a subsequent reduction in wastewater production.
The wastewater produced from rural agriculture and livestock production, as well as inland urban areas, represents indeed the first phase in wastewater production and pollution and constitutes a considerable challenge for downstream users.
It is characterized by organic and inorganic contaminants; originating from dissolved contents of fertilizers, chemical runoff such as pesticideshuman waste, livestock manure and nutrients.
Where agriculture takes place in upper catchments, it may be the first cause of contamination in the water basin. However, agriculture also takes place downstream, where the water may already be polluted by other human activities that result in domestic and industrial waste. Hence there is a complex relationship between water quality, agriculture and food quality, which is in turn linked to human and ecological health. In particular, the excess nitrogen and phosphorus introduced in their natural cycles drive algal booms, including toxic red tides and devastating hypoxic events that impact fish stocks or human health.
Overall, some 5—20 per cent of total water usage goes to industry. Water is an important requirement in many industrial processes such as heating, cooling, production, cleaning and rinsing, and this generates a substantial proportion of total wastewater. Mining has traditionally been a major source of unregulated wastewater discharge in developing countries where more than 70 per cent of industrial wastes are dumped untreated into waterways where they pollute the usable water supply.
It also seeps into the ground, contaminating aquifers and wells. The vast array of complex organic compounds and heavy metals used in modern industrial processes, if released into the environment, can cause both human health and environmental disasters.
The contaminants in mine waste may be carcinogenic or neurotoxic to people e.Marketing crm cycle management program
There are many examples of persistent environmental damage caused by the discharge of toxic mine waste. Cooling waters used in industrial processes, like steel manufacture and coke production, not only produce discharge with an elevated temperature which can have adverse effects on biota, but can also become contaminated with a wide range of toxic substances.
The food and agriculture processing industry can also be a major producer of wastewater particularly organic waste with high biochemical oxygen demand resulting in low oxygen levels or even anoxic conditions in natural waters. Slaughterhouses may also produce biological material such as blood containing pathogens, hormones and antibiotics.Our people Governance Annual Review Contact us.
Our work with charitable funders. Local authorities Waste management sector Food and drink sector Plastics. Hospitality and food service Agriculture Textiles sector Electricals sector. The environmental, social and economic benefits of waste prevention This section sets out reasons why waste prevention should be integral to any waste strategy.
Government Review of Waste Policy in England.Professional dissertation introduction editing site for mba
Waste prevention programme for England. Related categories. Print page. Back to top. Priority areas All. Product Durability.
Minimising Product Returns. Consumer Behaviour. Resource Efficient Business Models. Re-use and Recycling.15 Things You Didn't Know About The Waste Management Industry
Critical Raw Materials. Fibre and fabric selection. Design for extending clothing life. Consumer behaviour and sustainable clothing. Resource efficient business models. Re-use and recycling. Non-Clothing Textiles. Collections and Reprocessing.
Collections and Sorting. Commercial waste. Kerbside Collection.
Communicating to residents. Dry Materials. Bulky items. Organics Recycling. Anaerobic digestion.The primary goal of pre-incident waste management planning is to prepare a community to effectively manage waste, debris and materials generated by a homeland security incident, including reducing the potential amount of waste generated at the outset. Nearly all incidents generate waste, debris and materials. While the amount of waste varies between incidents, the generated waste is often greater than the amount of waste many communities handle each year.
Additionally, homeland security incidents may generate waste streams, such as chemical, biological and radiological-contaminated wastes, which typically are not handled by communities or waste management facilities.
In addition to helping the whole community prepare for these potential wastes, pre-incident planning encompasses source reduction and hazard mitigation activities aimed at reducing the total amount of waste generated by an incident, especially for a large-scale natural disaster.
Pre-incident planning can be done in stages. Below is a list of waste management planning activities that may provide the greatest benefit for a community that has limited resources and time to devote to planning. Small but significant steps taken prior to an incident can have a big impact on the efficiency and effectiveness of post-incident waste management decision-making. For example, few facilities are able to accept radiological-contaminated waste.
Knowing where radiological-contaminated waste can be taken Exit and if it will be accepted by the facility before a radiological incident occurs means that the site can be cleaned up faster e. Even if a radiological incident is unlikely to occur in a particular community, planning for radiological contaminated waste has value beyond radiological incidents. For example, a large-scale natural disaster may damage hospitals and generate mixed waste i.
Click image to view larger version. This recommended process guides emergency managers and planners through four steps that cover the initiation, creation, updating and implementation of a waste management plan.
The waste management planning process does not have to be completed at one time or by one person. The specific contents and organization of a WMP are flexible.
This document provides a general example to help emergency managers and planners get started. Note: For more information about the waste management decision-making process after an all-hazard incident occurs, see the All-hazards Waste Management Decision Diagram for Homeland Security Incidents. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. Jump to main content. An official website of the United States government.
Contact Us. Waste Management Benefits, Planning and Mitigation Activities for Homeland Security Incidents The primary goal of pre-incident waste management planning is to prepare a community to effectively manage waste, debris and materials generated by a homeland security incident, including reducing the potential amount of waste generated at the outset.
On this page:. Prioritize plan development Conduct a community-specific hazard assessment that looks at realistic worst-case scenarios and hazards, their likelihood, and the potential volumes and masses of wastes generated. Consider whether you want a single plan that addresses all hazards recommended 1 or separate, scenario-specific plans.
Identify and engage with individuals and groups who should be involved in the planning process, as appropriate Consult individuals or groups who represent transportation, sanitation, emergency response, environmental health, public health, public works, zoning, agriculture, industry and business among others.
Identify, review, and coordinate national, regional, state, local, tribal, territorial and any organization-specific plans and mutual aid agreements Include plans of bordering jurisdictions, including bordering states, countries and tribal lands if applicable.
The Financial Benefits of Waste Management Business Software
Enhance community resiliency by identifying opportunities for source reduction e. Make sure all entities receive a copy of the relevant portions of the plan when it is completed.
Identify options for reuse, recycling, and composting for different materials and wastes Consult with facilities and appropriate regulatory authorities about establishing acceptance criteria for these materials and wastes.
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